I Psychology Today kan man läsa ytterligare en lång artikel med tunga argument för fri amning och emot skrikmetoder som 5mm och Shn.
Dangers of crying it out, Damaging children and their relationships for the longterm.
Nedan är en sammanfattning:
[…] the 20th century was the time when ”men of science” were assumed to know better than mothers, grandmothers and families about how to raise a child. […] ”the mother should stop holding immediately if her arms feel tired” because ”the baby is never to inconvenience the adult.” Babies older than six months ”should be taught to sit silently in the crib; otherwise, he might need to be constantly watched and entertained by the mother, a serious waste of time.” (See Blum, 2002.) […] The discredited behaviorist view sees the baby as an interloper into the life of the parents, an intrusion who must be controlled by various means so the adults can live their lives without too much bother. […]
[…] With neuroscience, we can confirm what our ancestors took for granted—that letting babies get distressed is a practice that can damage children and their relational capacities in many ways for the long term. We know now that leaving babies to cry is a good way to make a less intelligent, less healthy but more anxious, uncooperative and alienated person who can pass the same or worse traits on to the next generation. […] We can confirm now that forcing ”independence” on a baby leads to greater dependence. Instead, giving babies what they need leads to greater independence later. […]
[…]One strangely popular notion still around today is to let babies ‘cry it out’ when they are left alone, isolated in cribs or other devices. This comes from a misunderstanding of child and brain development.
- Babies grow from being held. Their bodies get dysregulated when they are physically separated from caregivers.
- Babies indicate a need through gesture and eventually, if necessary, through crying. Just as adults reach for liquid when thirsty, children search for what they need in the moment. Just as adults become calm once the need is met, so do babies.
- There are many longterm effects of undercare or need-neglect in babies (e.g., Bremmer et al, 1998; Blunt Bugental et al., 2003; Dawson et al., 2000; Heim et al 2003). […]
What does ‘crying it out’ actually do to the baby?
Neurons die. When the baby is greatly distressed, the toxic hormone cortisol is released. It’s a neuron killer Panksepp, […]
Disordered stress reactivity can be established as a pattern for life not only in the brain with the stress response system (Bremmer et al, 1998), but also in the body through the vagus nerve, a nerve that affects functioning in multiple systems (e.g., digestion). […]
Self-regulation is undermined. The baby is absolutely dependent on caregivers for learning how to self-regulate. Responsive care—meeting the baby’s needs before he gets distressed—tunes the body and brain up for calmness. […]Babies don’t self-comfort in isolation. If they are left to cry alone, they learn to shut down in face of extensive distress–stop growing, stop feeling, stop trusting (Henry & Wang, 1998).
Trust is undermined. As Erik Erikson pointed out, the first year of life is a sensitive period for establishing a sense of trust in the world, the world of caregiver and the world of self.[…]When a baby’s needs are dismissed or ignored, the child develops a sense of mistrust of relationships and the world. And self-confidence is undermined. The child may spend a lifetime trying to fill the inner emptiness.
Caregiver sensitivity may be harmed. A caregiver who learns to ignore baby crying, will likely learn to ignore the more subtle signaling of the child’s needs.[…] the adult who ignores baby needs practices and increasingly learns to ”harden the heart.” […] The reciprocity between caregiver and baby is broken by the adult, but cannot be repaired by the young child. The baby is helpless.
[…]Babies are built to expect the equivalent of an ”external womb” after birth[…] being held constantly, breastfed on demand, needs met quickly […] These practices are known to facilitate good brain and body development […]. When babies display discomfort, it signals that a need is not getting met, a need of their rapidly growing systems.[…]
Giving babies what they need is really a basic right of babies.